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Basics of how to survive hurricane from FEMA, you must know !

Author: Time: 10/16/2017 Read: 425

WHAT IS A HURRICANE?

 
Hurricanes are large, swirling storms. They produce winds of 119 kilometers per hour (74 mph) or higher. That's faster than a cheetah, the fastest animal on land. Winds from a hurricane can damage buildings and trees.


Hurricanes form over warm ocean waters. Sometimes they strike land. When a hurricane reaches land, it pushes a wall of ocean water ashore. This wall of water is called a storm surge. Heavy rain and storm surge from a hurricane can cause flooding.
Once a hurricane forms, weather forecasters predict its path. They also predict how strong it will get. This information helps people get ready for the storm.
 
There are five types, or categories, of hurricanes. The scale of categories is called the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. The categories are based on wind speed.
 
Category 1: Winds 119-153 km/hr (74-95 mph) - faster than a cheetah
Category 2: Winds 154-177 km/hr (96-110 mph) - as fast or faster than a baseball pitcher's fastball
Category 3: Winds 178-208 km/hr (111-129 mph) - similar, or close, to the serving speed of many professional tennis players
Category 4: Winds 209-251 km/hr (130-156 mph) - faster than the world's fastest rollercoaster
Category 5: Winds more than 252 km/hr (157 mph) - similar, or close, to the speed of some high-speed trains
 
FEMA SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR HURRICANES
 
Before a Hurricane
1.Make plans to secure your property. Permanent storm shutters offer the best protection for windows. A second option is to board up windows with ⅝” marine plywood—cut to fit and ready to install. Tape does not prevent windows from breaking.
2.Install straps or additional clips to securely fasten your roof to the frame structure. This will reduce roof damage.
3.Trim trees and shrubs around your home to minimize the risk of broken branches and debris.
4.Clear loose and clogged rain gutters and downspouts to prevent misdirected flooding.
5.Determine how and where to secure your boat.
6.Fully fuel your vehicles.
7.Consider building a safe room.
8.Keep articles in your basement elevated to avoid damage from even minor flooding.
9.Think about what you might need if you are isolated for a number of days and must  endure a power outage.



 
10.Keep a well-stocked Emergency Survival Kit make sure you have 2-3 water filter straws in your KIT in case of the worst situation that the hurricane lingers longer than expected and you are running out of all food supply and clean water. If your don’t have you can get them easily from Amazon. They hydrate your body and keep you alive before food  supply comes.

 
 

During a Hurricane
 
If a hurricane is likely in your area, you should:
1.Stay informed by monitoring the storm via radio, TV, and internet.
2.Secure your home, close storm shutters, and secure outdoor objects or bring them indoors. Objects such as lawn furniture, trash barrels, hanging plants, toys, and even awnings can be broken and picked up by strong winds and potentially become a projectile.
3.Turn off utilities if instructed by authorities to do so. Otherwise, turn the refrigerator thermostat to its coldest setting and keep its doors closed.
4.Turn off propane tanks.
5.Avoid using the phone, except for serious emergencies.
6.Have a certain amount of cash available. If power is lost, ATMs may not be working.
7.Moor your boat if time permits.
8.Ensure a supply of water for sanitary purposes such as cleaning and flushing toilets.                                   
9.Fill the bathtub and other large containers with water.
10.Close all interior doors—secure and brace external doors.
11.Keep curtains and blinds closed. Do not be fooled if there is a lull; it could be the eye of the storm—winds will pick up again.
12.Take refuge in a small interior room, closet, or hallway on the lowest level.
13.Lie on the floor under a table or another sturdy object. 
14.Stay indoors and away from windows and glass doors.
 
You should evacuate under the following conditions:
1.If you are directed by local authorities to do so. Be sure to follow their instructions.
2.If you live in a mobile home or temporary structure—such shelters are particularly hazardous during hurricanes—no matter how well fastened to the ground.
 

 
3.If you live in a high-rise building—hurricane winds are stronger at higher elevations.
4.If you live on the coast, on a floodplain, near a river, or on an inland waterway.
5.If you feel that you are in danger.