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How Pump Filters Work To Supply Fresh Water

Author: Time: 10/30/2013 Read: 1942

Many commercial portable water purification systems or chemical additives are available for hiking, camping, and other travel in remote areas. These devices are not only used for water in remote or rural areas, but also to treat safe municipal waterfor aesthetic purposes by removing chlorine, bad taste, odors, and heavy metalslike leadand mercury.

Portable pump filters are commercially available with ceramic filters that filter 5,000 to 7,000litres per cartridge, removing pathogens down to the 0.2–0.3 micrometer(µm) range. Some also utilize activated charcoal filtering. Most filters of this kind remove most bacteria and protozoa, such as Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia, but not viruses except for the very largest of 0.3 µm and larger diameters, so disinfectionby chemicals or ultraviolet lightis still required after filtration. It is worth noting that not all bacteria are removed by 0.2 µm pump filters; for example, strands of thread-like Leptospira spp. (which can cause leptospirosis) are thin enough to pass through a 0.2 µm filter. Effective chemical additives to address shortcomings in pump filters include chlorine, chlorine dioxide, iodine, and sodium hypochlorite (bleach). There have been polymer and ceramic filters on the market that incorporated iodine post-treatment in their filter elements to kill viruses and the smaller bacteria that cannot be filtered out, but most have disappeared due to the unpleasant taste imparted to the water, as well as possible adverse health effects when iodine is ingested over protracted periods.



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